Route from A Cañiza to A Guarda
Starting point: A Cañiza
From the source of the Miño River to its mouth, you can admire a great variety of beautiful landscapes. A unique natural environment boasting a rich heritage. The route starts in A Cañiza, where you can visit the famous shrine of Santa María da Franqueira. From this point onwards, you will discover a route where the historic heritage of As Rías Baixas gains prominence.
Arbo, an inland town known as the world capital of the lamprey, is the first stop on this route. This popular snake-like fish, native to this area, is said to be a delight for the senses. This fish is also well-known for being captured in a traditional way using pesqueiras (constructions working as obstacles, which are placed perpendicularly to the currents of the river and the lampreys cannot surmount). If you visit one of this pesqueiras, you will have the opportunity to discover the magic of this ancient fishing tradition firsthand. And, after that, you should taste this delicious dish. You can reach Arbo from A Cañiza taking the road EP-5003.
Stop: Salvaterra de Miño
Leave Arbo and drive to Salvaterra de Miño taking the road PO-400. The town of Salvaterra is rich in history on every corner, and you can admire its everlasting magnificence from the very first moment. The walled complex in Salvaterra de Miño, which dates back to the Middle Ages, includes a very well preserved watchtower over the Miño River. Its history is intimately connected with a series of events which would give the name to some of its most characteristic parts, as the presence of Queen Urraca of León or Pedro Álvarez de Soutomaior, also known as Pedro Madruga. This historical complex was declared Cultural Interest Site in 1949.
Then you take the road PO-404 again to Tui, a unique small medieval town located 25 minutes away from Salvaterra. The town lies on a steep promontory crowned by a cathedral, and from there, a complex maze of arcaded streets spreads out until the Miño River. The cathedral is a Romanesque ogival building and it houses the Cathedral Museum. Other cultural attractions are the Encerradas Convent and the San Telmo Chapel.
Point of interest: Goián
Goián is a parish in the town of Tomiño, accessible through the road PO-552. A must stop is the amazing military fortress, also known as San Lourenzo Fortress, placed on the border between Galicia and Portugal. It was built after the Restoration War in 1668 fearing a conflict with Portugal. Today, this is one of the most visited attractions in the area.
Extra information: in Goián, there is a river beach with the same name, where you can stop for a breath of fresh air and for admiring the beautiful landscape shaped by the Miño River.
Last stop: A Guarda
A Guarda is the last stop on this route. To get there, you can take again the PO-552 and enjoy the landscapes surrounding the Miño River until reaching the Atlantic Ocean. Once in A Guarda, you have to visit Santa Trega, a Celtic-Roman hillfort settlement which dates from the 4th century BC. This hillfort, more than 700 metres long, is one of the largest recorded in Galicia to date. In 2015 and 2016 important discoveries were made in this archaeological site, as a stone head, Roman amphoras and lamps, some terra sigillata artefacts, pieces of ornamented sculptures and more than 42,500 stone items. Santa Trega is, without any doubt, one of the most important elements of the heritage of As Rías Baixas and Galicia.