The hills of the province of Pontevedra preserve vestiges of the customs and cults of the ancient Neolithic settlers. Mámoas and dolmens, funerary monuments built with stones and soil over five thousand years ago, show the beliefs of the ancient inhabitants of this territory. At present, they are perfect points of reference to walk around the natural environment of As Rías Baixas, which combine both landscape and heritage.
There are megalithic archaeological sites all over this destination that prove this territory has been inhabited since a very early time. From north to south, there is a large number of millenary manifestations of funerary art that take visitors back in time. The trail Senda dos Dolmens de Mos takes us to 15 megalithic pieces. In A Peneda Hill, in the town of Redondela, there is a necropolis with 39 tumulus known as Cortellos dos Mouros. The so-called Cadeira do Rei, a tumulus of 15 metres in diameter and 2.5 metres high, is the gem of the remains from the megalithic culture in As Rías Baixas.
The hills of Vigo, the biggest city in Galicia, also offer examples of ancient funerary art. There we can visit the dolmen of Candeán or Casa dos Mouros. On the other side of the inlet Ría de Vigo, the peninsula of O Morrazo has many archaeological sites, especially the mountain rage located in the towns of Moaña, Marín and Vilaboa. There are the dolmens of Chan da Arquiña in Moaña and Chan da Armada in Vilaboa. In the grave goods of the first there were found ceramic pieces, arrowheads, and pieces in silex and quartz, among others. This tumulus was used for over a thousand years.
The trail Sendeiro das Mámoas do Morrazo takes us to the eight tumulus of Chan de Castiñeiras. This place, located in a natural park with a wonderful lake, is perfect for enjoying an afternoon surrounded by chestnut trees, oak trees, and birch trees, among others. The mámoa of O Rei is one of the biggest preserved tumulus in this area, in which there was a large necropolis.
The route to uncover the megalithic funerary art of the province of Pontevedra takes us to the town of Poio, where there is the mámoa of O Mon Hill. Further north, the town of Moraña has several examples of these funerary enclosures in the hills of Laceira, Querguizo, O Deitadeiro, Paraños, O Petouto, Santa Lucía and Ardegán. The most remarkable of this archaeological heritage surrounded by nature is the Lapa de Gargantáns, a two-metre-high menhir decorated with petroglyphs of cup marks, horseshoes and snakes.
In the neighbouring town of Cuntis there are the mámoas of Mesego. In Cerdedo-Cotobade, an inland town of the province, there are the tumulus of Abeleira and Campo da Anta. Dolmens and mámoas are a benchmark to create a beautiful natural and heritage route in As Rías Baixas and to live an unforgettable experience.