The Casas Museo take us back to the closest and most intimate world of some of the most prominent figures in the province of Pontevedra. These museums show visitors the places where writers such as Ramón María del Valle-Inclán, Ramón Cabanillas, Xosé Neira Vilas or the Camba brothers lived as well as artists like the famous dancer during the Belle Époque “La Belle” Otero. The Casa Museo Cristóbal Colon is surrounded by legends; in fact, there is evidence that he may had a Galician origin. In Cambados, a must-visit is the Casa dos Pescadores, which shows us the life of the workers of the sea, which has always been linked to the history of As Rías Baixas.
Casa Museo Valle-Inclán (Vilanova de Arousa)
The house where the creator of the Spanish literary genre esperpento was born was turned into a museum in 1995. The ground floor houses an exhibition that shows the life and the literary works of the famous writer, while on the first floor, there is a replica of the old house, including some pieces of furniture which used to belong to the 19th-century Galician educated middle class families, with the aim to introduce visitors to the Valle-Inclán family way of life.
Casa Museo Cristóbal Colón (Poio)
The Casa da Cruz, which houses the Casa Museo Cristóbal Colón, is situated in the place of Portosanto (Poio), just opposite the shipyard, where the Santa María is said to have been built. This vessel, popularly known as “la gallega” (the Galician), was one of the three ships used by Cristopher Columbus in his voyage to the Indies in 1492, which concluded with the unexpected Discovery of America.
According to the documentation of the period, a family of navigators with the surname Colón used to live in this house. The stone cross by the door of the Casa da Cruz reads “Juan Colón R” 1490. Today, the house is also the headquarters of the Asociación Cristóbal Colón Galego-Celso García de la Riega (Christopher Columbus Galician Association-Celso García de la Riega), which organises exhibitions and conferences on the Galician origin of Cristopher Columbus.
Casa Museo La Bella Otero (Valga)
Agustina del Carmen Otero Iglesias, best-known as La Belle Otero, was a famous artist during the Belle Époque and had an eventful life. She was a dancer, singer, actress and courtesan in France, but she never forgot about her homeland, and this fact was reflected in her will, in which she left her inheritance to the poor people from Valga. The Casa Museo displays the life of La Belle Otero within the global socio-economic and political context of the time. It also shows the role of women throughout history and their contribution to society.
Casa Museo do Pescador (Cambados)
The old Casa Jovita, located in in the neighbourhood of Santo Tomé de Cambados, opposite the marina, was completely refurbished to house a museum dedicated to the people of the sea. The museum reveals the way of life, customs and houses of the fishermen of the town. Information is also provided on sea knots, fish species captured and shellfish harvesting. This is an interactive museum equipped with touchscreens and audiovisual information displayed and projected on screens.
Casa Museo Neira Vilas (Vila de Cruces)
The humble country house in which the writer Xosé Neira Vilas was born, in the parish of Gres in the town of Vila de Cruces, is today declared a Site of Cultural Interest and has an excellent collection of more than 300 pieces that are part of the Galician tradition. Basketwork, domestic tools, clothing and musical instruments are just some of the exhibits that make up a magical world and take visitors back in time.
In 1993, the house was donated to the Xunta de Galicia (Regional Galician Government) to be restored and used for cultural purposes. The work was commissioned to the architect César Portela. Today, it has an ethnographic museum together with a public library, a reading room for children and another for adults. In addition, a new annex building was designed to house an area for events and exhibitions.
Casa Museo Ramón Cabanillas (Cambados)
The literary legacy of this Galician nationalist poet, called poeta da raza (poet of the race), is kept in a small fishing house, in the neighbourhood of Fefiñáns, and restored in 1990 in order to preserve his works. There, one can find spaces, testimonies, objects and a wide range of elements that exerted a great influence on him. These help to remember the most important Galician poet of a Galician nationalist organization called As irmandades da fala and former member of the Spanish language institution Real Academia Española.
Ramón Cabanillas was born and raised in the town of Cambados, where he would come back after having finished his studies in the Seminary San Martín Pinario of Santiago. In his home town, he started a family and worked as an accounting officer. Years later, when he emigrated to Cuba, he started his journalistic adventure and wrote his first work, in which he praised the town of Cambados.
Casa Museo Irmáns Camba (Vilanova de Arousa)
The brothers Francisco and Julio Camba Andreu, writers and journalists, were born in an old seaside house located in the neighbourhood of Vilamaior. This place used to host the local public library and in 2002 was turned into the Casa Museo to keep and preserve their legacy.
The main façade of this traditional Galician house boasts a coat of arms divided in quarters by a cross bearing ornamental elements that are evidence of their noble origins. Inside the house, there is an exhibition displaying a complete collection of the works of Francisco and Julio Camba. Besides, this place is the starting point of the route La Vilanova de Julio Camba.